一个激荡的时代 (1991起)

近期会陆续发一些英文的作品(作品?),大部分是学术相关,虽然水品不高,大部分都是一如既往的yy,但是如果大家要抄去当作业的话,还是要有一点学术素养,请务必在文尾 cite “饭岛爱女士”。

In the morning of December 25, 1991, when the Americans were getting ready for celebrating Christmas, the radio broadcasted a major piece of breaking news of the time: the president of USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, resigned and declared the office extinct. That night, the Soviet flag was lowered for the last time over the Kremlin. Over 60 years of USSR — the largest social state ever in human history, had dissolved.

The dissolution of Soviet Union in 1991 was recognized as a major watershed of modern human history, between the Cold War years and post-Cold War period. To understand what happened in 1991 and why it meant the start of new era, it is helpful to go back some 40 years.

Prior to the cold war, the world was ruled by mentalities of people who grew up in the 1930s. In late 1980s, these people were in their 60s and they were getting ready to give up their power. The younger generation, which took over power from them, was one who had spent their most formative years in the sixties with Beatle songs like this one:

“Imagine there’s no countries
It isn’t hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion too
Imagine all the people living life in peace”

These people, who now inherited the power from their elder generations, finally got a chance to shape the world the way they wanted, without having to take to the streets to protest.

The collapse of Soviet Union marked the end of communism and more importantly, the end of the remaining mentalities from memories of world wars and the antagonism between ideologies. It started a new era of global capitalism and the American-led prosperity, a seemingly promising world with the spirit that the younger generation once protested and fought for in the sixties: peace, democracy, prosperity, environmental protection, and human rights. The following decades are to be inevitably heavily influenced by the vision that they set for the world: the visions from the spirits and minds of the post 1960s.

Democracy First Wave

1991 marked the tail of the democracy first wave (or third wave as viewed by Samuel P.) that started from 1970. In this wave, democracy swept across the world, from south and east Europe, Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia to the Soviet Union. This democracy wave went to as far as Beijing. Unfortunately, the Chinese were not well prepared for it as people’s ideology had shifted too far away during the Cultural Revolution period. However, this wave of democracy somehow left its mark on China. Right after 1989, Deng Xiaoping announced the reforming and opening-up policy and opened China to the world.

September 11, 2011

Prior to September 11, 2001, the world had seen NATO expansion and regional conflicts in the Middle East, but the majority of world countries, including the United States, were focused on economic development. While sustaining the economic focus, the 9/11 attacks started a decade of American-led global anti- terrorism wars. In this decade, the Americans fought two of the largest wars since WWII. The wars ended in democratization of Iraq and Afghanistan, the deaths of Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden, and more importantly, it planted seeds of democracy in the Middle East and set examples to the rest of world.

Democracy Second Wave

The beginning of the 90s brought one important technology to the human world, that is— the Internet. The unprecedented convenience in communication and knowledge greatly accelerated the spread of democracy throughout the world. After the September 11th event, 10 years of accumulation of worldwide mentality and ideology of democracy resulted in the formation of the democracy second wave. This wave, started from the so called Arab Spring, inducing democratization in Tunis, Egypt, Libya, Yemen and the potential forthcoming Syria, Iran, North Korea and eventually in one of the last communist countries — China.

Call For Changes To The Democratic System

While the spread of democracy has made significant progress, the limitations of the democratic system itself have been more and more recognized. In the United States, young people call for changes. The Internet age enabled these young people to achieve things that the older generations could never achieve. The first African-American president—Barack Obama, was sent to the White house executive office. His intention for change, however, is challenged by the traditional powers that were benefited by the old system. The economic recession in the early 2010s provided an opportunity for changes to happen. Social movements like the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street raised people’s awareness. Voices from scholars and liberal civil rights movement call for a universal voting system, where ballots are weighed by an individual’s education level rather than evenly. Whether the balanced voting system is capable of improving the efficiency and accuracy of the government decision-making is yet unknown.

New United Nations

The development of human civilization calls for the UN to take up more responsibility and a more important role in decision making for human welfare. Post-1991 globalization greatly enhanced the connections among nations in the world. Increased frequency of extreme natural events across the globe due to climate change, necessitates a more efficient coordination of disaster relief by the UN. The worldwide adoption of democracy made it possible to enforce the centralized function of the United Nations. The human races see a slight hint of potential world unification in the coming decades.

The Global Flow Of Goods And Capital

The world saw great economic development since 2000 due to breakthroughs in information technology. Traditionally, global merchandising followed the pattern of goods flowing from the “Third World” to the “First World”. The stock market turbulence on Wall Street in 2008 revealed the serious problems that existed in the flow of global resources. Followed by the 2008 stock market crash was one of the most serious world economic recessions since the great depression in the 1930s. The accumulated problems in the nature of money driven capitalism are seemingly incurable.

Troubled Europe

Countries without sound economic foundations faced great risk of economic collapse at the cessation of the global economic flow. Countries like Iceland, Portugal, Italy, Greece and Spain (PIGS) etc. had long been enjoying the benefits of receiving goods and receiving capital for little cost, and suddenly found that they were unable to pay back the huge debt that was accrued over the years. The Europe debt crisis put Eurozone at the edge of collapse by the year 2011. Only the UK, which has a strong historical, cultural and economic tie with the United States, was immune from the crisis. The United States managed, temporarily, to keep the US dollar as the only world currency.

The Lost Faith

Religion keeps playing a troublesome catalyst destabilizing regions around the world. However, religions are losing its faithful believers quickly. The fact that the world is now ruled by people who grew up in the 60s, who have been called “the Lost Generation”, created a worldwide de-religion mentality. Due to the revolutions in communication and education, the world three major religions see fewer and fewer participants. Development of Islam extremism is temporarily slowed followed by deaths of their spiritual leaders including Osama Bin Laden.

Health And Prolonged Age

The world population reached 7 billion in October 31, 2011. Modern medical technologies proved to be weak in front of disease. Between November 2002 and July 2003 an outbreak of SARS in Hong Kong nearly became a pandemic. Cancer and AIDS remain incurable disease at the end of the first decade of the 21st century. Scientists announced that they have made significant progress in study of prolonging life. They claim that human life span could potentially be extended to 150 years.

Energy Reform

In the first decade of the 21st century, demand for energy from China, India and a few other developing countries grew to an unprecedented level. On the other hand, world oil reserve depletes quickly. Price of oil sees a peak in the beginning of the 21st century despite the world economic recession. The instability of the energy supply poses a serious risk to the world economic development. The United States’ Energy Revolution led by the Obama’s administration in 2009 started a trend of green energy across the world. Despite the strong opposition from oil companies, electric cars entered the consumer market in 2010. The appearance of electric cars potentially marked the start of the world’s post fossil-fuel age.

The Digital Era

The world saw some revolutionary developments in technology in the 90s and early 21st century. In this period, the world saw the popularization of high-speed Internet, personal computers, mobile phones and streaming movies, etc. The appearance of these great inventions brought significant convenience to people’s life. The popularization of Internet marked the start of the so-called digital era.

Global Warming

Unquestionable scientific evidence confirmed that the planet is becoming warmer. Consequences, associated with global warming, such as the rise of sea level and increased frequency of severe weather events, poses great risk. Super earthquakes in Japan, an unprecedented flood in Thailand, drought and wildfire in Australia and other extreme climate events shocked people across the world.

Prosperity Shift To The High Latitudes

Worldwide temperature rise has resulted in the loss of productivity, measurably, GDP loss. This made it even harder for low latitude countries. As temperature keeps rising, prosperity shifts to high latitude countries where temperature is relatively colder, such as Canada, North Europe and Russia.

Final Fantasy

With an almost biblical onslaught of twisters, floods, snow, drought, heat and wildfire, the U.S. in 2011 has seen more extreme weather catastrophes than it did in all of the 1980s. Across the world, people are seeing an explosion of disasters from super earthquakes, extreme droughts and floods to extreme weathers. At the end of the first decade of the 21st century, a climate scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research predicted: “The degree of devastation is extreme in and of itself, and it would be tempting to say it’s a sign of things to come”. The world entered an abysmal future at the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century.

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孤独的黑店

二当家的:什么人?!
春三十娘:难道,诸位看不出来我是个女人么?世途凛冽,北风如刀。一个弱小女子想找个安身之所,洗洗身上的风尘。
二当家的:你知不知道这里是什么地方?
春三十娘:此地乌烟瘴气,各位又面目狰狞,决不像是一家客栈。。。莫非是间黑店?

你好,朋友!
为何要行色匆匆?
何不留下来,
饮完这杯酒。
屋外白雪皑皑,
你看那吃力行走过客,
怕是要着了寒夜的风刀
给割成一片一片。

谢谢,朋友!
感谢你陪我饮完这杯酒,
陪我渡过这个冬天。
窗外的寒风已停,
你看那青草,
新生命从地里挤出来,
恐怕是想
阴谋,
染绿整个世界。

再见,朋友!
春暖花开之时,
我们就此一别吧!
请轻轻启程,
刚拂晓,
你看那麻雀,
就叽叽喳喳的不停,
也不怕搅碎了,
孤魂野鬼
做了一个冬天的梦。

对不起,朋友!
请忘记我们共饮过这杯酒,
请也别在意,
虽然里面下了孤独药,
却未能传染给你。
在春天刚来的时候,
你看那无穷无尽的大海,
许多绝望的孤独者,
被无情的吞噬,
难道大海就不怕,
传染了人类的孤独症?

某人要戒网有感

某id说自己要戒网了,发短信告诉我,说要告别一下做个了断,感觉以后就再也见不到似的—虽然本来就没见过,汗。

我是觉得这没有必要,网络不过是交流工具而已,你戒网不是要把工具扔掉,是要心里把要交流的那种欲望扔掉啊,显然某人还没有完全去掉这种欲望,否则也不会来和我告别。

再说欲望是支持人活下去的动力啊,怎么戒的了? 小时候有手淫习惯,精神包袱很重,一直想戒戒不掉,耿耿于怀很久。很多年以后的一天,似乎突然明白了什么,坦然处之了。还是偶尔手淫,却没了精神包袱,这才算解脱出来了。

前两天克林顿讲了个故事,他说当年曼德拉给监狱放出来的时候,走过一条尘土飞扬,坑坑洼洼的路。他就问曼德拉,你还记得这条路吗?27年前你走过这条路。这27年你给关在里面受尽了苦头,你现在回头看看,你恨不恨这条路,恨不恨里面折磨过你的那些狱警?

曼德拉说,怎么能不记得这条路,怎么能不恨那些人啊,毕竟人生的一大半时间在里面度过。可是我不想再恨了,如果我还恨他们,那我就还是他们的prisoner,我永远得不到真正的freedom。

人生苦短,希望大家很早就明白这个道理,早点获得心灵的自由。

疯狂的世界

正常人和疯子本无区别。在正常人眼里疯子是疯子,在疯子眼里正常人也是疯子,所以本质上来说,全世界的人都是疯子。

每个疯子的疯癫程度却是有所不同,轻一点的,你说他是有神经病,重一点的,你就说他是疯子,相对性挺大的。例如上次我深夜回家,路上看到一个喝醉酒的亚裔女人走路摇摇晃晃,呼之欲出的一对大水胸晃来晃去真让人担心她薄薄的T恤能不能撑的住。我看这也不是回事儿,就说我扶一下你吧,结果人家看我一眼,回一句,神经病!

张国荣选择在愚人节跳楼,居然害得我伤心了一场,到不是因为他跳楼了,而是因为这么无厘头的好日子居然给他抢先了,让我这么有创意的人士情何以堪。

迈克杰克逊说他怕鬼,因为他小时候给关过黑屋子。所以他花大价钱漂白了自己,结果自己就变成了鬼!

约翰列侬扯开嗓子唱了几句,结果换来子弹一颗,从心脏的左下方射进去,右上方出来,才两秒钟,列侬先生就感觉心跳气短血往头上涌。丫还以为自己又嗑药嗑多了呢,就躺下来休息。天花板旋转的厉害,耳朵嗡嗡响,丫也顾不上那么多人看着呢,眼睛一闭,脚一蹬,一口气徐徐喷出来,嘘,终于可以睡个好觉了,原来最原始的和最纯粹的睡眠,竟然和死亡没什么区别。

娱乐界的这些人就是一群疯子,不就是个职业而已,搞的这么投入干嘛啊。吸毒的、滥交的、大放厥词的、装b的、炒作的。。。妈的,你们看看别人凤姐,不抽烟不喝酒不吸毒不滥交,别人有理想,有追求,为了寻找真爱,踏遍万水千山,发传单何止千千万万,你们TMD做得来吗,受得了这个苦吗?

昨天潘基文来哥伦比亚大学演讲,尖声嘶力的喊:“世界要给年轻人机会!”这韩国老头还真幽默啊,老子从10岁第一次撸管起开始等机会,现在都他妈的20年了,等到苏联解体,等到柴玲变成大妈,等到世贸大厦给炸平,又给修起来,等到萨达姆给绞死了,小布什也下台了,连QQ位数都涨了一倍多了,劳资的精子都快要流成一条河了,可是连个屁个机会都没等到啊!

这他妈的算什么世道,一群老人一边主宰着世界,一边又说要给年轻人机会,那你们他妈的赶紧下台啊!改天要我要当了总统,一定让40岁以上的全部强制退休,你们霸占着位子,年轻人哪来的机会?

我早就看透了,这是一个doom了的世界。从马孔多镇的人们集体失忆那一刻起,我就看到了这个结局,不要太悲催了唉。

几天前我遇到一个香港来的萝莉,20左右,说起话来嗲声嗲气,广东话反正也都是鼻子里出来的。她高度近视的眼镜片,摘下来应该可以做望远镜了吧。小姑娘脸蛋一塌糊涂,身材却不错,丰乳肥臀美腿细腰的,稍微想像一下小弟弟都会抗议。

于是我发动攻势,天南地北,海枯石烂,鬼哭神泣一个下午,总算把她说懵了。然后开始宽衣解带,顺便说一下,女人就不应该穿牛仔裤,太难脱了!Anyway,裤子脱到一半,小弟弟长到一尺二左右的时候,别人突然来一句:

“我们还是先谈谈感情吧”

我瞬间石化了。这太疯狂了,实在太疯狂了,我都无法正常思考了!这是一种什么样的境界啊,我们才认识半天,我们都不知道对方的名字啊!

我立即拉起裤子夺路而逃,回家吃3片强力安眠药,在浴室以最快的频率撸一次,过五分钟再撸一次,再过5分钟再撸第三次,终于累倒虚脱了,就脱衣上床,被子蒙住头。

安眠药质量不错,睡眠在思维缓过神来之前控制了我的大脑,连梦都没得做一个,总算在睡眠里,暂时逃离了这个疯狂的世界。